Lions are highly social animals.
They live in prides of 10 – 30 lions/lionesses.
A common prey for lioness is zebra, wilderbeast etc. But there most challenging prey of all is wild buffalo.
Lioness do most of the hunting because male lions aren’t made for the job they are more built for patrolling and driving nomadic males away from the pride.
Only females over the age of two are eligible for hunting.
Therefore the younger females must watch and learn from their mothers.Female lions usually go within 30 metres of their prey before the begin a sprint.In a hunting session there are chasers and catchers,the chasers drive the prey into the catchers that hide in the long grass,next the catchers drive he prey onto the ground.
When lions feed it can get quite aggressive. Trying to feed 10 – 30 mouths is not easy.male lions usually get first pick of the kill. Adolescents usually get second pick due to their high numbers.Females and cub usually get the leftovers from the kill, but sometimes all the lions decide to try feed first and it usually end up in a cat fight (please excuse my bad pun).
Lions can eat up to 35 kg of meat a day buffalo only weigh 25 – 30 kg which means none of the lions are usually left full.
The lionesses main hunting tactics are to corner their prey/surround their prey and move in closer for the kill.Lions can run up to about 30 miles an hour which is a great advantage in the African plains,also 70% of a lions body structure is made up of muscle and body strength, lions are also equipped with razor sharp canines,a powerful jaw of 30 mg of bite force and dagger like claws to grip the tough hide of some prey.lions have got a stamina witch is another advantage. lions are also have a good sens of smell and good eye sight both better the humans.